May Varuna with guidance straight,
And Mitra the One-who-knows,
And Aryaman in accord with Aditya,
Guide us forth, like the wind that blows,
As with their Might Evermore
They guard the Sacred Laws,
Shelter may they vouchsafe to us,
Immortal Gods to mortal men..
Hindu mystics knew from their experience, that verbal descriptions of the Supreme Reality can be Incomplete and hence resorted to Mythology to convey the feeling of their communion with God.
Vedic Seers composed hymns eulogizing the sentient beings guarding all Natural and Supernatural phenomena and called them Devas that stems from the Sanskrit root 'Div'meaning the 'Shining One'.
The derived term 'Deus' or 'Dios' from the same root, is still used to refer to God in modern European languages and even in the translations of the New Testament of Bible.
The oldest texts detail 33 principle Devas who were the guardians of Nature and Cosmic Creation. They are:
The ancients especially venerated the Adityas and Vedas are full of hymns dedicated to Indra, Agni, Surya, Varun and the like. The 12 Adityas correspond to the 12 Solar months and represent different attributes of social life. These are:
Ansh (due share),
Bhaag (due inheritance),
Daksh (ritual skill),
Dhatri/Tvashtar (skill in crafting),
Savitra/Parjanya (power of word),
Surya/Vivasvan (social law),
Vaman (cosmic law).
Indra, of course is the undoubted leader and has proved his worth on numerous occasions, most famous of his exploits being the slaying of the dragon Vritra.
The 8 Vasus are attendant deities of Indra and comprise of eight elemental gods that represent the different aspects of Nature. They include:
Dhruv (Pole Star),
The 11 Rudras are three-eyed manifestations of the Original Rudra and include Lord Shiva, who, along with Prajapati Brahma and Shri Hari Vishnu forms a part of the highest echelons of the hierarchy amongst Gods known as the Trimurti . The respective roles of the Holy Hindu Trinity are: