Posted by : Shoumik Das Wednesday, June 12, 2013
Man who brought ELECTRICITY to ASIA.Independence wasn't needed if we had a King like Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV in ruling: State of Mysore(Mysuru) shined bright when rest of Indian Sub-Continent was in DARK AGE!
while all other princely states and its rulers where busey pleasing the British and working upon strategies to retain there power, Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV took up a different path all together!
During the reign of Sri Nalvadi Krishnaraja Wadiyar, Mysore State saw an allround development. Assisted with able Dewan's the overall economy of Mysore State grew and was considered as a model state. A few of the achievements during his reign:
1.Mysore Implements Factory, Hassan, established in 1939 to produce agricultural and garden implements.
2.Mysore Paper Mills, Mysore, established in 1936
3.Government Sandalwood oil factory, Bangalore, established in 1917
4.Mysore Lamps, Bangalore, established in 1936
5.Mysore Sugar Mills, Mandya, established in 1933
6.KR Mills, Mysore, established in 1933
7.Indian Institute of Science,Bangalore established in 1909
8.KR Hydro Electric Station (Later renamed as Mahatma Gandhi Hydro electric Station)
9.Asia's second Hydro Electric Project at Shivanasamudra Falls
10.School of Engineering, Bangalore, established in 1916: Later renamed as UVCE
11.State Bank of Mysore established in 1913
12.City Improvement Trust Board, first of its kind in India
13.Hindusthan Aircraft, Bangalore, established in 1940 later renamed as Hindustan Aeronautics Limited
14.Kannada Sahitya Parishat, Bangalore, established in 1915
15.Krishna Raja Sagardam, KRS, established in 1924
16.Irwin Canal: Later named as Visveshwariaha Canal
17.University of Mysore,Mysore, established in 1916
18.Maharani's Science College for Women, Mysore, established in 1917
19.Yuvaraja College, Mysore, established in 1916
20.Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, First Chancellor and co-founder
21.Minto Eye Hospital Banglore, established in 1903, is among the world's oldest Ophthalmology super speciality hospital
22.Mysore Boys Scouts, Mysore established in 1909. First of its kind in India
23.Vanivilas Women and Children Hospital,Bangalore, established in 1934 was named after his mother Maharani Vani Vilas Sannidhana
24.Mysore Iron Works in 1923. Later renamed as Visvesvaraya Iron and Steel Plant
25.Krishna Rajendra Hospital, Mysore, established in 1927 is attached to Mysore Medical College
26.Mysore Medical College, Mysore, established in 1924
27.Mysore State Railway(MSR) between 1916 and 1918, opened 232 miles of railway to traffic. By 1938 MSR had 740 miles of railway track opened to traffic.
28.Lalitha Mahal palace in 1921
29.Mysore Paints and Varnish Limited, Mysore, established in 1937. It became a public sector in 1947.
30.Mysore Agricultural Residential School, Bangalore, established in 1913. University of Agricultural Sciences, Bangalore was initially established in 1899 by Her Excellency Maharani Vani Vilas Sannidhana the Regent of Mysore, with an initial grant of 30 acres as an experimental agricultural station.
31.K.R.Market, Bangalore, established in 1928. This is the main wholesale market dealing with commodities in Bangalore. The area in which this market is located was the first locality to get electricity in the whole of Asia in the year 1905.
32.Bangalore was the first city in India to get electic street lights in the year 1906
Close on the heels of the 1876-77 famine and the death of Maharaja Chamaraja Chamarajendra Wadiyar X, Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV, still a boy of eleven, ascended the throne in 1895. His mother Maharani Kemparajammanniyavaru ruled as regent until Krishnaraja Wodeyar took over the reins on 8 February 1902.Krishna IV was invested as the Maharaja of Mysore, with full ruling powers, by the Viceroy Lord Curzon on August 8, 1902 at a ceremony at Jagan Mohan Palace (now the Jayachamarajendra Art Gallery).
Under his rule, Krishnaraja Wodeyar set about transforming Mysore into one of the most progressive and modern states of the time. Under him, Mysore blazed many trails in industry, education, agriculture and art. Much of the pioneering work in educational infrastructure that was put in place during this period was to serve Karnataka invaluably towards the end of the 20th century in consolidating its position as India's leading technology hub. The king was an accomplished musician, and like his predecessors, avidly patronised the development of the fine arts.For all these reasons, his reign is often described as the 'Golden age of Mysore'.
Krishna Raja Wadiyar was the first chancellor of Banaras Hindu University and University of Mysore. The latter was the first university chartered by an Indian State. The Indian Institute of Science at Bangalore which was initiated during His mother's tenure as Regent was started during his reign, with the gift, in 1911, of 371 acres (1.5 km²) of land and a donation of funds. He was a patron of Indian (both Carnatic and Hindustani) and Western Classical Music.
Mysore had been the first Indian state to have a Representative Assembly, a democratic forum in 1881. During Krishna Raja Wadiyar IV's reign, the Assembly was enlarged and became bicameral in 1907 with the creation of the Legislative Council, a house of elders which introduced many new legislation for the state. During his reign Mysore became the first Indian state to generate hydroelectric power in Asia and Mysore was the first Asian city to have street lights, which were first lit on August 5, 1905.
During his 39 year reign as Maharaja, Krishna IV had the following Prime Ministers (popularly known as Diwans):
P.N. Krishnamurthy (1901–06)
V.P. Madhava Rao (1906–09)
T. Ananda Rao (1909–1912)
Sir M. Visvesvaraya (1912–19)
Sir M. Kantha Raje Urs (1919–22)
Sir Albion Rajkumar Banerjee, ICS, (1922–26)
Sir Mirza Ismail (1926–41)
During his reign, he worked toward alleviating poverty and improving rural reconstruction, public health, industry and economic regeneration, education and the fine arts. Such were the strides that Mysore made during his period that Gandhiji was moved to remark that the Maharaja was a Rajarishi ("a saintly king"). Paul Brunton, the British philosopher and orientalist; John Gunther, the American author; and the British statesman, Lord Samuel, were also among those who heaped praise on the king. Lord Sankey said during the Round table conference that Mysore was "the best administered state in the world". Princes from other sections of India were sent to Mysore for administrative training. The Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya described the Raja as "Dharmic" and Lord Wellington echoed the sentiment by calling Mysore's industrial development "incredible".
Mahatma Gandhi and the Maharaja:
Mahatma Gandhi wrote in Navajivan dated February 8, 1925: "His Highness the Maharaja of Mysore has taken up spinning. This news cannot but gladden the hearts of those who look upon it as sacred duty ... I congratulate the Maharaja and hope that he will not give up till the end of his life this activity which he has taken up, It will do immense good to him and his subjects."
Mahatma Gandhi was a state guest of the Maharaja in 1927 and 1936. He stayed at Nandi Hill to recuperate from ill health. During 1927, the State was celebrating the Silver Jubilee of the coronation of the Maharaja. Gandhi was invited to attend the function. Gandhi sent a letter to the Maharaja on August 5, 1927, in which he wrote: "Dear Friend, It has been a matter of deep joy to me to learn wherever I have gone, nothing but praise of your benevolence and purity. I shall pray on Monday for the due fulfilment of all your noblest wishes."
Philosopher, mystic and traveller, Paul Brunton (1898–1981) spent many years in Mysore under the care of the Maharaja and expressed his gratitude in the dedication of The Quest of the Overself: "You have rescued philosophy from those who would make it a mere refuge from disappointment, and converted it into a dynamic inspiration to higher action for service. If the world's Rulers would emulate Your Highness and bestow but a fragment of their time on pure philosophy, the illumination thereby gained would immensely profit them in wiser policies."
Constance E. Parsons in her Book Mysore City (Published in 1930) : Of the present ruler, Colonel His Highness Sir Sri. Krishnarajendra Wadiyar Bahadur, G.C.S.I., G.B.E., much might, but little need, be said. Throughout the length and breadth of India there is no name more honoured. Within his State there is no name more loved.
Dr. S. Radhakrishnan Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, who served as professor at Maharaja's College at Mysore during the early days of his career when the Maharaja was the Ruler has this to say: "His late Highness the Maharaja Krishnaraja Wadiyar gave one the impression of a remote but enchanting spirit, who lived on hidden heights, even when dealing with concrete problems of the state. One felt that he was giving to society not more than a fraction of himself."
Sir Mirza Ismail a childhood friend of the Maharaja's who became his Private Secretary and later his Diwan (Prime Minister), a Muslim, wrote in his autobiography: "Purity of soul, kindness of heart, generosity of disposition, patience and tolerance, a wise judgment of men and affairs—these are qualities which His Highness possessed to an eminent degree. It was given to him that which is given to few men -— to go through life making only friends, to the exclusion of all enemies. I am sure that history will hold him among the greatest in the history of India."
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